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Investigation On The Chilling Requirements and The Adaptability Of Apple Cultivars To The Subtropical Conditions

Identifier : Catalog : URI
Entry : http://traglor.cu.edu.tr/objects/objectFile/iZFSIxuj-1492013-31.pdf


Title : Turkish Bazı Elma Çeşitlerinde Soğuklama Gereksinimlerinin Saptanması ve Subtropik Koşullara Uygunluğunun İncelenmesi
English Investigation On The Chilling Requirements and The Adaptability Of Apple Cultivars To The Subtropical Conditions
German Untersuchung von den kühlen-Anforderungen und die Anpassungsfähigkeit der Apfelsorten mit den subtropischen Bedingungen


Language : Turkish Turkish



Descriptions : Turkish Bu araştırma, Ç.Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Araştırma ve Uygulama Çiftliği'nin dört yaşlı elma bahçesinde yürütülmüştür. M9 elma anacı üzerine aşılı Royal Beauty Gala, Red Gala, Mitch Gala, Shiniga Gala, Brookfield Gala, Summerred, Pink Lady, Vista Bella ve Jerseymac elma çeşitleri kullanılarak bunların soğuklama gereksinimleri, büyüme derece saatleri toplamı (BDST) incelenmiş, fenolojik gözlemler ve pomolojik analizler yapılmıştır. İncelenen elma çeşitlerinden sadece Vista Bella elma çeşidi dinlenmesini keserek %53,5 oranında yeşil uç vermiştir. Diğer elma çeşitleri %50 oranında yeşil uç safhasına erişememiştir. 2009-2010 kış döneminde Adana bölgesinde soğuk birimi yöntemine göre 143 birim(CU) ve standart yönteme göre 172 saat soğuk birikimi olmuştur. Sıcaklıkların yüksek olmasından dolayı elma çeşitlerinin soğuklama gereksinimlerini karşılamadan dinlenmeden çıktıkları saptanmıştır. Soğuklama gereksinimlerini karşılayamayan elma çeşitlerinde çiçeklenmede düzensizlikler olmasına rağmen ağaç başına ortalama 8,530 kg verim elde edilmiştir. Denemeye alınan çeşitler içerisinde Vista Bella 12 Haziran tarihinde olgunlaşan en erkenci çeşit olmuştur. Brookfield Gala ise en verimli ve iyi kaliteli çeşit olarak 4 Ağustos'ta olgun meyve safhasina erişmiş ve ağaç başına 12,800 kg meyve vermiştir.
English This research was carried at the apple orchards of Research and Application Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture at Cukurova University. Four years old trees of Royal Beauty Gala, Red Gala, Mitch Gala, Shiniga Gala, Brookfield Gala, Summer Red, Pink Lady, Vista Bella and Jerseymac cultivars on M9 apple rootstock were experimented to investigate the chilling requirements, growing degree hours (GDH) and some pomological and phenological fruit characteristics. Only Vista Bella broke dormancy (53.5 % green tip stage) among the experimented apple cultivars. The others could not reach to 50 % of green tip stage under controlled conditions. Chilling duration of Adana region during 2009-2010 winter period was obtained to be 143 (CU) and 172 hours below 7.2 oC. High temperatures caused apple cultivars to break dormancy without getting sufficient chilling. Although irregular flowering was seen among the apples because of the lack of chilling, average 8,53 kg/tree yield was obtained. Vista Bella was the earliest fruit, ripened on 12th of June. Brookfield Gala was found to be the most productive and good quality cultivar, ripened on 4th of August and gave 12,80 kg/tree yield.
German Diese Forschung wurde bei den Apfelplantagen von Forschung und Anwendung von der Fakultät für Landwirtschaft an der Cukurova Universität durchgeführt. Vier Jahre alten Bäume des Royal Beauty Gala , Roter Gala , Mitch Gala , Shiniga Gala , Brookfield Gala , Sommer rot , Pink Lady , Vista Bella und Jerseymac Sorten auf Apfel-Unterlage M9 waren experimentiert, um den schaurigen Anforderungen , zu untersuchen wächst Grad Stunden (GDH) und einige pomological und Phänologischer Obst-Merkmale. Nur Vista Bella brach Keimruhe (53,5 % grüne Spitze Bühne) unter den experimentierte Apfelsorten. Die anderen konnte nicht auf 50 % der grüne Tipp Bühne unter kontrollierten Bedingungen erreichen. Chillen Dauer Adana-Region im Jahr 2009-2010 Winterzeit erworben wurde, um 143 (CU) und 172 Stunden unter 7.2 werden OC. Hohe Temperaturen verursacht Apfelsorten Keimruhe zu brechen, ohne ausreichend kühlen. Obwohl unregelmäßigen Blüte unter die Äpfel wegen des Mangels an kühlen , betrachtete durchschnittlich 8 ,53 kg/Baum-Ertrag erzielt. Vista Bella war die früheste Frucht , am 12 Juni gereift. Brookfield-Gala fand am 4. August zu den produktivsten und gute Qualität Sorte , gereift und gab 12 ,80 kg/Baum-Ausbeute.


Keywords : Turkish elma
English apple
German Apfel
Turkish soğuklama gereksinimi
English chilling requirements
German Chillen
Turkish BDST
English GDH
German GDH
Turkish verim ve kalite özellikleri
English yield and quality characteristics
German Ertrag und Qualität


Coverage : Turkey


Structure : Atomic


Aggregation Level : Level 2


Version : Turkish Adana, 2011


Status : Final


Contribute : Role : Author
Date : 2011-01-01
name : Ali Rıza Şahinoğlu
e-mail :
organization : Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bahçe Bitkileri Anabilim Dalı. 01330 Adana - Turkey




Identifier : Catalog : URI
Entry : http://traglor.cu.edu.tr/common/object_xml.aspx?id=1686


Contribute : Role : Undefined
Date : 2013-09-14
name :
e-mail :
organization :


Metadata Schema : TrAgLor LOM AP


Language : Turkish Turkish
Format : Text


Requirements : Operating System: Multios
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Size : 584030 bytes


Location : http://traglor.cu.edu.tr/objects/objectFile/iZFSIxuj-1492013-31.pdf


Interactivity Type : Expositive


Learning Resource Type : Thesis


Interactivity Level : Very Low


Semantic Density : High


Intended End User Role : Learner


Context : University Second Cycle


Typical Age Range : English 18U


Difficulty Level : Difficult


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Cost : No


Copyright and Other Restrictions : Yes


Description : This resource is licensed under the license(CC-BY-NC-ND) Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported


Kind : IsVersionOf


Resource : Catalog : URI
Entry : http://library.cu.edu.tr/tezler/8304.pdf


Description : Turkish Çukurova Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi, Tez Koleksiyonu. 01330 Adana.
English Çukurova University Library Thesis Collection. 01330 Adana, Turkey.


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Purpose : Discipline


Source : English AGRICOLA


Entry : Horticultural Crops


Description :


Keywords : Turkish elma çeşitleri
English apple varieties
Turkish soğuklama
English chilling