TrAgLor - Turkish Agricultural Learning Objects Repository

Object Details

Fruit of osage orange (Maclura pomifera)

Identifier : Catalog : URI
Entry : http://traglor.cu.edu.tr/objects/images/6_12_2008_20_2_16_osage_orange.jpg


Title : English Fruit of osage orange (Maclura pomifera)


Language : English English



Descriptions : English Osage orange (Maclura pomifera) is native to the midwestern and southeastern United States. This species is also known as the hedge apple because it was planted in thicket-like hedge rows before the advent of barbed wire fences. The fruit is neither an orange nor an apple, although it approaches the size of those fruits. Like the breadfruit and jackfruit, it is a true multiple fruit composed of numerous separate ovaries, each arising from a separate female flower. In fact, the bumpy surface of the fruit is due to the numerous, tightly-packed ovaries of the female flowers. The black hairs on the surface of the fruit are styles, each arising from a separate ovary. The wood of osage orange was highly prized by the Osage Indians of Arkansas and Missouri for bows. In fact, osage orange is stronger than oak (Quercus) and as tough as hickory (Carya), and is considered by archers to be one of the finest native North American woods for bows. In Arkansas, in the early 19th century, a good osage bow was worth a horse and a blanket. A yellow-orange dye is also extracted from the wood and is used as a substitute for fustic and aniline dyes in arts and industry. Osage orange (Maclura pomifera), a native North American tree with multiple fruits that are similar in structure to the breadfruit and jackfruit. The bumpy surface of the fruit is due to many tightly-packed ovaries, each with separate styles that appear like black hairs. (Text Src:waynesword.palomar.edu/jackfr1.htm)


Keywords : English maclura pomifera
English osage orange


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Version : English


Status : Final


Contribute : Role : Content Provider
Date : 2008-12-06
name : Zeynel Cebeci
e-mail :
organization :




Identifier : Catalog : URI
Entry : http://traglor.cu.edu.tr/common/object_xml.aspx?id=852


Contribute : Role : Content Provider
Date : 2008-12-06
name : Zeynel Cebeci
e-mail :
organization :


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Format : Image


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Size : 1 bytes


Location : http://traglor.cu.edu.tr/objects/images/6_12_2008_20_2_16_osage_orange.jpg


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Learning Resource Type : Drawing


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Intended End User Role : Learner


Context : Higher EducationOther


Typical Age Range : English Undergraduate (18-21)


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Cost : No


Copyright and Other Restrictions : Yes


Description : This resource is licensed under the license(CC-BY-NC-ND) Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported


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Date : 2012-01-01


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Entry : Forestry Related


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